1. Introduction

What is Coding?

Computer programming, also known as coding, is giving a set of instruction for a computer to perform some actions. For example, a computer does not know how to connect to the internet and download files on its own, and so we code (or program) a set of instructions for it to do that. The act of writing a set of computer instructions is called coding (or programming).

What do these instructions look like? You can imagine coding a simple computer toy-car; to move it from point A to point B, you need to give it instructions like:

  1. Turn right by 90 degrees

  2. Move forward by 15 centimeters

  3. Stop

  4. Turn left by 10 degrees

  5. Move forward by 20 centimeters

  6. Stop

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