# 4. Making Comparisons

### Comparing Numbers

There are six possible comparisons that can be made in Python: `==` equal `>` greater than `<` smaller than `!=` not equal `>=` greater than or equal to `<=` smaller than or equal to
For example, we can make comparisons in Python between two numbers:
1==1
>> True
5<0
>> False
In the above, by inputting `1==1` is same as asking Python this question: Is 1 equal to 1”? (The answer is yes.) The result of these comparison is a data type called Boolean, which has only two possible values: `True` or `False`.
Note that `==` and `=` are not the same. `==` is used for comparison, while `=` is used for assigning a value to a variable.
X = 4 #this is assigning the value 4 to variable X
X == 4 #this is asking Python to compare if variable X is equal to 4

### Comparing Strings

You can also compare if two strings are equal in Python.
"a"=="A"
>> False
We can also ask Python to find out if a string is contained within a string using the “in” comparison operator.
"H" in "Hello"
>> True
"h" in "Hello"
>> False